Sunday, July 12, 2020

A Transgender Man: Caeneus, Vat. Myth. II.130


Caenis virgo fuit, quae a Neptuno pro stupro praemium sexus mutationem meruit. Fuit etiam invulnerabilis. Sed pugnando pro Lapythis contra centauros, crebris ictibus fustium paulllatim fixus in terra est. Post mortem tamen in sexum rediit.

--Vatian Mythographers II.130

Neptune assaulted the woman Caenis and in return, gave her as a gift the change of gender. [Caeneus] also became indestructible (impervious to being stabbed). But when he helped the Lapiths battle the centaurs, he was crushed to death by logs. When he died, his gender changed back.

Name:  ???
Date:  10th c. CE (?)
Works:  Mythographi Vaticani*

Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans

Little is known about the author or origin of the collection of myths known as the Vatican Mythographers, but the work’s first editor Angelo Mai found the collection on a manuscript dating back to the 10th century CE. This volume is a collection of three different mythographers who have assembled various Greco-Roman myths; although many of these myths are basic summaries in Latin, some of them are either analyzed as allegories or compared to Christian thought.  
 LATE LATIN (10th c. CE ?)
Early Roman Lit: through 2nd c BCE: Republican Rome: through 1st c. BCE; Golden Age: 70 BCE to 18 CE; Silver Age: 18 CE to 150 CE; Age of Conflict: 150 CE - 410 CE; Byzantine and Late Latin: after 410 CE