De iis quae spectrum Patrocli ad Achillem dixit, non me viventem neglegis, sed mortuum
In Iliade Homerus spectrum Patrocli indtroducit,
eo quod adhuc insepultum tentoriis illud iaceret,
ut sepeliret adhortans ipsum Achillem,
Dicens illam sententiam quam Homerus inscribit
Heroicis in carminibus sic ipsa proferens:
non quidem de me vivo tristeris, sed mortuum
sepeli me, ut quam citissime portas Orci pertranseam.
Procul enim me arcent animae, simulachra mortourm." (8.182)
De Hoc, Quae Utinam non Fuisset
Patroclo ab Hectore occiso in bello
Antilochus Nestoris [filius] destinatus est a Graecis
ut [puero] atque Achilli calamitatem nunciaret.
Qui cum pervenisset ad eum, sic ad verbum dicit:
Heu Pelei fili prudentis, equidomitoris,
audies nuncium, qui utinam non esset,
Iacet Patroclus, pro eius vero cadavere sand pugnant
Nudo, verum arma habet galeatus Hector. (10.336)
--Joannes Tzetzes, Historiarum 8.182, 10.336; Translated into Latin by Paulus Lacisius (1546) [Greek text forthcoming]
Concerning What the Ghost of Patroclus told Achilles, “You didn’t neglect me when I was alive, but now you neglect me when I’m dead”
In Homer’s Iliad, the author portrays the ghost of Patroclus
At the time when his body still lay unburied in their tent.
Patroclus encouraged Achilles to bury his body,
Saying the thing that Homer wrote,
Quoted in the heroic epic:
“You never hurt me when I was alive,
But you do so now that I am dead.
Bury me so I can cross over through the gates of death
For the spirits of the dead are keep me from entering.”
Concerning the Thing That Should Not Have Happened
When Patroclus was killed by Hector in war
Antilochus [Nestor’s son] was selected by the Greeks
To tell Achilles what had happened to his boyfriend.
When he met up with Achilles, he said the following:
“Alas, son of Peleus, breaker of horses,
Listen to the news which should not have happened:
Patroclus lies dead! They’re fighting over his body.
His corpse lies naked—stripped of armor!—and
helmet-wearing Hector has his armor.”