De iis quae spectrum Patrocli ad Achillem dixit, non me viventem neglegis, sed mortuum
In Iliade Homerus
spectrum Patrocli indtroducit,
eo quod adhuc
insepultum tentoriis illud iaceret,
adhortans ipsum Achillem,
sententiam quam Homerus inscribit
carminibus sic ipsa proferens:
non quidem de me
vivo tristeris, sed mortuum
sepeli me, ut
quam citissime portas Orci pertranseam.
Procul enim me
arcent animae, simulachra mortourm." (8.182)
De Hoc, Quae
Utinam non Fuisset
Hectore occiso in bello
Nestoris [filius] destinatus est a Graecis
ut [puero] atque Achilli calamitatem nunciaret.
pervenisset ad eum, sic ad verbum dicit:
Heu Pelei fili
qui utinam non esset,
pro eius vero cadavere sand pugnant
Nudo, verum arma
habet galeatus Hector. (10.336)
--Joannes Tzetzes, Historiarum 8.182, 10.336;
Translated into Latin by Paulus Lacisius (1546) [Greek text forthcoming]
Concerning What the Ghost of Patroclus told Achilles, “You
didn’t neglect me when I was alive, but now you neglect me when I’m dead”
In Homer’s Iliad, the author portrays the ghost of
At the time when his body still lay unburied in their tent.
Patroclus encouraged Achilles to bury his body,
Saying the thing that Homer wrote,
Quoted in the heroic epic:
“You never hurt me when I was alive,
But you do so now that I am dead.
Bury me so I can cross over through the gates of death
For the spirits of the dead are keep me from entering.”
Concerning the Thing That Should Not Have Happened
When Patroclus was killed by Hector in war
Antilochus [Nestor’s son] was selected by the Greeks
To tell Achilles what had happened to his boyfriend.
When he met up with Achilles, he said the following:
“Alas, son of Peleus, breaker of horses,
Listen to the news which should not have happened:
Patroclus lies dead! They’re fighting over his body.
His corpse lies naked—stripped of armor!—and
helmet-wearing Hector has his armor.”