Content Warning: domestic violence, slavery
1. Fugit autem David de Nahioth quae erat in Rama veniensque locutus est coram Jonathan quid feci quae est iniquitas mea et quod peccatum meum in patrem tuum quia quaerit animam meam?
David fled from Nahioth (a region which is in Rama). He came to Jonathan and said, "What have I done wrong? What wrong have I committed against your father that he is trying to kill me?"
2. qui dixit ei absit non morieris neque enim faciet pater meus quicquam grande vel parvum nisi prius indicaverit mihi hunc ergo celavit me pater meus sermonem tantummodo nequaquam erit istud
And Jonathan said to David: "No--you will not die. My father won't do anything, large or small, without telling me first. Has my father then hidden this plan from me? No, it cannot be."
3. et iuravit rursum David et ille ait scit profecto pater tuus quia inveni gratiam in oculis tuis et dicet nesciat hoc Jonathan ne forte tristetur quinimmo vivit Dominus et vivit anima tua quia uno tantum ut ita dicam gradu ego morsque dividimur
And once again Jonathan swore an oath to David. And David said "Well, of course your father knows that you look upon me fondly, and he will say, 'Let's keep Jonathan in the dark about this so he won't be upset.' But surely as the Lord lives, and as surely as your soul lives, I tell you what, there is only one step between me and death."
4. et ait Jonathan ad David quodcumque dixerit mihi anima tua faciam tibi
And Jonathan said to David, "Whatever your soul asks of me, I will provide."
5. dixit autem David at Jonathan ecce kalendae sunt crastino et ego ex more sedere soleo iuxta regem ad vescendum dimitte ergo me ut abscondar in agro usque ad vesperam diei tertiae
David told Jonathan, "Look, tomorrow is the first of the month, and I usually sit beside the king at dinner (as royal custom dictates). Let me go and instead I'm going to hide in the countryside until the evening of the third day.”
6. si requisierit me pater tuus respondebis ei rogavit me David ut iret celeriter in Bethleem civitatem suam quia victimae sollemnes ibi sunt universis contribulibus eius
“If your father asks where I am, tell him that I asked you to go to my hometown Bethlehem for religious reasons.
7. Si dixerit bene pax erit servo tuo si autem fuerit iratus scito quia conpleta est malitia eius
...If he is okay with it, I'm safe, but if he's angry about it, then you’ll know the extent of his ill will towards me.
8. Fac ergo misericordiam in servum tuum quia foedus Domini me famulum tuum tecum inire fecisti si autem est in me aliqua iniquitas tu me interfice et ad patrem tuum ne introducas me
"…Have mercy upon me, your servant, for you have entered a covenant of the Lord with me. If, however, I have done any wrong, then kill me instead of bringing me to your father."
9. et ait Jonathan absit hoc a te neque enim fieri potest ut si certo cognovero conpletam patris mei esse malitiam contra te non adnuntiem tibi.
And Jonathan replied, "Of course you haven't done me any wrong. If I find out that my father is plotting evil against you, of course I'll tell you."
10. responditque David ad Jonathan quis nuntiabit mihi si quid forte responderit tibi pater tuus dure
David asked Jonathan, "Who will tell me if your father makes threats against me?"
11. et ait Jonathan ad David veni egrediamur in agrum cumque exissent ambo in agrum
And Jonathan told David, "Come on, let's go to the countryside." And when they both went to the countryside...
12. ait Jonathan ad David Domine Deus Israhel si investigavero sententiam patris mei crastino vel perendie et aliquid boni fuerit super David et non statim misero ad te et notum tibi fecero
Jonathan told David, "I swear to God, if I figure out what my father has planned, either tomorrow, or the next day, and if he has good intentions for David, but I don't immediately send for you and let you know,
13. haec faciat Dominus Jonathan et haec augeat si autem perseveraverit patris mei malitia adversum te revelabo aurem tuam et dimittam te ut vadas in pace et sit Dominus tecum sicut fuit cum patre meo
"...then let the Lord curse Jonathan, and even worse! But if my father's malice against you continues, I will tell you, and I will send you away in peace. And the Lord may be with you as He has been with my father.
14. et si vixero facies mihi misericordiam Domini si vero mortuus fuero
"...and if I live, may the Lord have mercy upon me, but if I die, ...
15. non auferas misericordiam tuam a domo mea usque in sempiternum quando eradicaverit Dominus inimicos David ununquemque de terra
"May the Lord not take away His mercy from my house forever, just as the Lord has obliterated the enemies of David from the face of the earth.
16. pepigit ergo foedus Jonathan cum domo David et requisivit Dominus de manu inimicorum David
And so Jonathan made an oath with the house of David, and the Lord fulfilled it against the hands of the enemies of David
17. et addidit Jonathan deierare David eo quod diligeret illum sicut animam enim suam ita diligebat eum
And Jonathan renewed his oath to David, for he cherished him as much as he did for his own soul
18. dixitque ad eum Jonathan cras kalendae sunt et requireris
Jonathan said to David, "Tomorrow is the first of the month, and your absence will be noticed.
19. requiretur enim sessio tua usque perendie descendes ergo festinus et venies in locum ubi celandus es in die qua operari licet et sedebis iuxta lapidem cui est nomen Ezel
You need to be absent before tomorrow. So leave quickly to your hiding spot. On the very next workday, settle down by the rock called Ezel
20. et ego tres sagittas mittam iuxta eum et iaciam quasi exercens me ad signum
"...and I will shoot three arrows next to it, pretending to use the rock as target practice…
21. mittam quoque et puerum dicens ei vade et adfer mihi sagittas
“…I will send a slave to fetch the arrows back.
22. si dixero puero ecce sagittae intra te sunt tolle eas tu veni ad me quia pax tibi est et mihil est mali vivit Dominus si autem sic locutus fuero puero ecce sagittae ultra te sunt vade quia dimisit te Dominus
If I tell the slave, 'Hey, the arrows are close to you,' then pick them up and approach me, for you're safe and there is no plot against you (as the Lord lives). But if I tell the slave, 'hey, the arrows are far away,' then run for your life, for the Lord has sent you from this place.
23. de verbo autem quod locuti fuimus ego et tu sit Dominus inter me et te usque in sempiternum
"...Regarding the oath we spoke together, may the Lord be beside you and me forever & always."
24. absconditus est ergo David in agro et venerunt kalendae et sedit rex ad comedendum panem
So David hid in the countryside, and the first of the month came, and King Saul sat down for the feast…
25. cumque sedisset rex super cathedram suam secundum consuetudinem quae erat iuxta parietem surrexit Jonathan et sedit Abner ex latere Saul vacuusque apparuit locus David
And when King Saul sat down on his throne by the wall (as was his custom), Jonathan rose up and Abner sat down beside the king, and David's spot was empty.
26. et non est locutus Saul quicquam in die illa cogitabat enim quod forte evenisset ei ut non esset mundus nec purificatus
And Saul didn't say anything, for he thought something might have happened to David, that he was impure or needed a purification ritual.
27. cumque inluxisset dies secunda post kalendas rursum vacuus apparuit locus David dixitque Saul ad Jonathan filium suum cur non venit filius Isai nec heri nec hodie ad vescendum
And on the next day, when David was still missing, Saul asked Jonathan why David, the son of Isai was absent for dinner both yesterday and today .
28. et respondit Jonathan Suli rogavit me obnixe ut iret in Bethleem
And Jonathan replied to Saul, "He asked me to leave for Bethlehem.
29. et ait dimitte me quoniam sacrificium sollemne est in civitate unus de fratribus meis accersivit me nunc ergo si inveni gratiam in oculis tuis vadam cito et videbo fratres meos ob hanc causam non venit ad mensam regis.
"...and he told me, 'Please let me go, for there is a holy sacrifice ritual in my hometown. One of my brothers has come and invited me to it. If I have found favor in your eyes, let me go quickly and visit my brothers.' And that's the reason why he's not at the royal feast.”
30. iratus autem Saul adversus Jonathan dixit ei fili mulieris virum ultro rapientis numquid ignoro quia diligis filium Isai in confusionem tuam et in confusionem ignominiosae matris tuae
Saul was angry, and lashed out against Jonathan. He said, "Son of a rapist mother, you think I don't know that you love David to the point of shamefulness, and to the point of your mother's shame?
31. omnibus enim diebus quibus filius Isai vixerit super terram non stabilieris tu neque regnum tuum itaque iam nunc mitte et adduc eum ad me quia filius mortis est
"...For as long as the son of Isai [David] lives on the earth, your life will not be set firm, nor will your kingdom. So go fetch him, for he is the son of death."
32. respondens autem Jonathan Sauli patri suo ait quare moritur quid fecit
Jonathan replied to his father Saul, "Why should he die? What has he done?"
33. et arripuit Saul lanceam ut percuteret eum et intellexit Jonathan quod definitum esset patri suo ut interficeret David
And Saul snatched up a spear to strike him down, and Jonathan realized that his father had his heart set on killing David.
34. surrexit ergo Jonathan a mensa in ira furoris et non comedit in die kalendarum secunda panem contristatus est enim super David eo quod confudisset eum pater suus.
Jonathan got up and angrily left the table. He did not eat bread on the second day of the month, worried for David and upset because of his father[‘s actions].
35. cumque inluxisset mane venit Jonathan in agrum iuxta placitum David et puer parvulus cum eo
The next day, Jonathan went out to the countryside in the spot he and David had agreed to meet. He brought a young slave boy with him.
36. et ait ad puerum suum vade et adfer mihi sagittas quas ego iacio cumque puer cucurrisset iecit aliam sagittam trans puerum
And he told the slave, "Go and fetch my arrows as I shoot them.' As the boy ran, the shot an arrow past the boy.
37. venit itaque puer ad locum iaculi quod miserat Jonathan et clamavit Jonathan post tergum pueri et ait ecce ibi est sagitta porro ultra te
The boy came to the place where Jonathan shot the arrow and Jonathan shouted to the boy, "Hey, the arrow is past you!"
38. clamavit Jonathan post tergum pueri festina velociter ne steteris collegit autem puer Jonathae sagittas et adtulit ad dominum suum
Jonathan shouted out to the boy, 'Hurry up, don't just wait around!" The slave collected Jonathan's arrows and brought them back to his master.
39. et quid ageretur penitus ignorabat tantummodo enim Jonathan et David rem noverant
The slave didn't know the meaning of this; only Jonathan and David knew the secret message .
40. dedit igitur Jonathan arma sua puero et dixit ei vade defer in civitatem
Jonathan gave his armor to the slave, and told him to bring them back to the city.
41. cumque abisset puer surrexit David de loco qui vergebat ad austrum et cadens pronus in terram adoravit tertio et osculanted alterutrum fleverunt pariter David autem amplius
When the slave was gone, David left his hiding place (which was to the south), and falling on the ground, he knelt at Jonathan's feet three times. Both kissed one another and wept. But David wept more.
42. dixit ergo Jonathan ad David vade in pace quaecumque
iuravimus ambo in nomine Domine dicentes Dominus sit inter me et te et inter
semen meum et semen tuum usque in sempiternum.
Jonathan told David, "Go in peace. Let our covenant which we swore in the name of the Lord between you and me remain for us and our descendants forever."
43. et surrexit et abiit sed et Jonathan ingressus est civitatem
And David got up and left. And Jonathan returned to the city.
--1 Samuel 20:1-43