Sunday, February 11, 2024

Caeneus in the Underworld: Servius In Aen. 6.445

Vergil conflates the transformation myths of Tiresias (whose body reverts back to his original form) and Caeneus.


NUNC FEMINA CAENEUS Caenis virgo fuit, quae a Neptuno pro stupri praemio meruit sexus mutationem. fuit etiam invulnerabilis. qui pugnando pro Lapithis contra Centauros crebris ictibus fustium paulatim fixus in terra est, post mortem tamen in sexum rediit. hoc autem dicto ostendit Platonicum illud vel Aristotelium, animas μετεμψύχωσιν sexum plerumque mutare.


--Servius,  In Aen.6.445


CAENEUS, NOW A WOMAN: Caenis was a maiden who earned a change of gender as payment for Neptune’s assault against her. He was also invincible. He was driven into the earth by an overwhelming attack of spears while fighting centaurs on behalf of the Lapiths; however, upon his death, his body changed back. In using this myth, Vergil shows the Platonic (or maybe Aristotelian?) concept of the transmigration of souls, that souls commonly change their gender.


Name:  Maurus Servius Honoratus
Date:  4th – 5th c. CE (???)
Works:  In Vergilii carmina comentarii

Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans

 Little is known about the author or manuscript tradition for the grammatical commentary of Vergil’s Aeneid.
Early Roman Lit: through 2nd c BCE: Republican Rome: through 1st c. BCE; Golden Age: 70 BCE to 18 CE; Silver Age: 18 CE to 150 CE; Age of Conflict: 150 CE - 410 CE; Byzantine and Late Latin: after 410 CE

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.