Saturday, January 30, 2021

Sympheron the Gardener: Phlegon of Tralles De Mirab. VIII

 Note: Throughout his work, Phlegon uses the term ἀνδρόγυνος as an umbrella term for people of extraordinary sex, making no differentiation between intersex and transgender people. 

Eodemque tempore Epidauri alius fuit androgynus, natus inopibus parentibus, cui nomen prius erat Sympherusa: in virum autem mutatus, Sympheron coepit vocari, vitamque colendis hortis trivit.

Και άλλος δέ τις ανδρόγυνος κατά τους αυτους χρόνους εγένετο έν Επιδαύρω γονέων απόρων παίς ος εκαλείτο πρότερον Συμφέρουσα. ανηρ δε γενόμενος, ωνομάζετο Συμφέρων. κηπουρών δε τον βίον διηγεν.

--Phlegon of Tralles, De Mirabilibus VIII, Translated into Latin by Wilhelm Xylander

At the same time in Epidaurus, there was another [adrogynos], born of poor parents, whose name was Sympherousa. Turning into a man, he began to be called Sympheron, and spent the rest of his life gardening.

Phlegon of Tralles


Name:  Phlegon

Date: 2nd century CE

Works:  On Marvels



Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



According to the Suda [φ527], Phlegon of Tralles was a freedman of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. He wrote numerous works in Greek that are now lost, including the Olympiads and Roman festivals. His work, On Marvels, is a collection of extraordinary occurrences throughout history.


 Roman Greek Literature

ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); ALEXANDRIAN: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)

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