Sunday, February 2, 2020

M/M: The Myth of Hylas: Antoninus Liberalis, Met. 26

TRIGGER WARNING: Rape, Violence

Hercules, cum Argonautis, a quibus erat dux creatus, navigans, una secum duxit Hylam Ceycis filium adolescentem pulchrum. Ut ad fauces Ponti pervenerunt, et Arganthones procursus praetervecti sunt, tempestate et fluctibus coortis, anchoras iecere, navemque inhibuerunt. Praebuit tum heroibus Hercules cenam: puerque Hylas cum urna ad Ascanium amnem ivit, aquam iis allatum. Quem ut viderunt nymphae, eius fluvii filiae, amore correptae, haurientem in fontem deiecerunt. Cum ad hunc modum e medio sublatus Hylas frustra expectaretur, Hercules, relictis heroibus undiquaque, silvam perlustrat, saepius invocato Hyla. Nymphae autem metuentes ne apud se absconditum Hylam inveniret Hercules, puerum illum in Echo commutarunt: itaque saepe clamanti Herculi, vocem reddidit.--Antoninus Liberalis Metamorphoses xxvi

While leading the Argonauts on the quest for the golden fleece, Hercules brought the lovely lad Hylas with him. As soon as their ship had traversed the Bosporus Strait and passed by the Arganthone peninsula, a storm arose, forcing the Argonauts to set up anchor and head inland to ride out the storm. To lighten their spirits, Hercules provided his men with a feast; Hylas went to the Ascanius River to fetch water for the crew. However, when the river nymphs saw him, they were overcome by love for the lad and pulled him into the river with them, and he was never seen again.
Unable to locate his companion, Hercules abandoned the Argonauts and wandered the forest, calling Hylas' name over and over again. Terrified of Hercules finding out what they had done, the nymphs turned the lad into an echo, to reply to Hercules' calls.

ANTONINUS LIBERALIS
MAP:
Name: Antoninus Liberalis  
Date:  2nd – 3rd c. CE
Works:  Metamorphoses*

REGION  UNKNOWN
Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans

BIO:
Timeline:
 Little is known about the life of the Greek author Antoninus Liberalis. His work, Metamorphoses, is similar to the works of Hyginus in that they provide brief summaries of Greek and Roman myths.
 ROMAN GREECE
ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); ALEXANDRIAN: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)