Wednesday, October 13, 2021

A Boxer, and A Fighter By Her Trade: Cleomachus, Tertullian de Pallio IV.4

Sed et qui ante Tirynthium accesserat, pugil Cleomachus, post Olympiae cum incredibili mutatu de masculo fluxisset, intra cutem caesus et ultra, inter Fullonesiam Nouianos coronandus meritoque mimographo Lentulo in Catinensibus commemoratus, utique sicut uestigia cestuum uiriis occupauit, ita et endromidis solocem aliqua multicia synthesi extrusit.

--Tertullian de Pallio IV.4

But there’s someone who surpasses the “Tirynthian” [Hercules*]: the boxer Cleomachus! After his masculinity underwent an unbelievable transformation at Olympia, (where he had his surgery) he was lauded in Novius’ Fullers’ Tale and memorialized in the mime Lentulus’ Catinians. He covered the scars of his gauntlets with bangles, and exchanged his athletic uniform for a dress.



Name:  Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus

Date:  2nd century CE

Works:  Apologia

De Pallio



Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



 Tertullian was an early Christian theologian who lived in Carthage during the 2nd century CE. He was a prolific author, and his works deeply influenced early Christian thought.


Early Roman Lit: through 2nd c BCE: Republican Rome: through 1st c. BCE; Golden Age: 70 BCE to 18 CE; Silver Age: 18 CE to 150 CE; Age of Conflict: 150 CE - 410 CE; Byzantine and Late Latin: after 410 CE

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