TRIGGER WARNING: Torture
corporis, ut est crebra sors calamitatum, innumera documenta peperit,
clarissimum in feminis Leaenae meretricis, quae torta non indicavit Harmodium
et Aristogitonem tyrannicidas, in viris Anaxarchi, qui simili de causa cum
torqueretur praerosam dentibus linguam unam spem indici in tyranni os expuit.
--Pliny the Elder, Hist. Nat. VII.xxiii.87
There are countless examples of physical endurance; this
occurs frequently in times of crisis. The most famous example of endurance in
women is Leaena the courtesan, who while being tortured, did not betray the
tyrant-slaying Harmodius & Aristogiton. The best example for men is
Anaxarchus, who in a similar situation bit off his own tongue and spit it into
the tyrant’s face in order to not confess under torture.
Name: Gaius Plinius Secundus
Date: 23 – 79 CE
Pliny was an Italian-born Roman statesman
and author who lived during the reigns of the early Roman emperors. He spent
most of his life in service of his country; he ultimately gave his life in
arranging the evacuation of the regions devastated by the eruption of Mt.
Vesuvius in 79 CE. His work, the Natural History, is a 37-volume
collection of art, history, and science of the ancient world.
GOLDEN AGE ROME