Tuesday, June 1, 2021

The 9 Earthly Muses: Sappho and Her Sisters, Greek Anthology 9.26

 Sunt enim doctae, muliebria nomina, vates

quae Helicon aluit Pieriumque iugum.

Praxilla et Myro facundaque gloria Lesbi [Sappho],

et quae vix Anyte cedit, Homere, tibi.

Est Erinna etiam Telesillaque, tuque Corinna,

Quae docta clypeum Palladis arte canis:

Et Myrtis placida et versu quoque femina Nossis,

Omnes perpetui carminis artifices.

Aetheris aequavit tellus fecunda labores,

Ille novem Musas protulit, ista novem.

τάσδε θεογλώσσους Ἑλικὼν ἔθρεψε γυναῖκας

ὕμνοις, καὶ Μακεδὼν Πιερίας σκόπελος,

Πρήξιλλαν, Μοιρώ, Ἀνύτης στόμα, θῆλυν Ὅμηρον,

Λεσβιάδων Σαπφὼ κόσμον ἐυπλοκάμων,

Ἤρινναν, Τελέσιλλαν ἀγακλέα, καὶ σέ, Κόριννα,

θοῦριν Ἀθηναίης ἀσπίδα μελψαμέναν,

Νοσσίδα θηλύγλωσσον, ἰδὲ γλυκυαχέα Μύρτιν,

πάσας ἀενάων ἐργάτιδας σελίδων.

ἐννέα μὲν Μούσας μέγας Οὐρανός, ἐννέα δ᾽ αὐτὰς

γαῖα τέκεν, θνατοῖς ἄφθιτον εὐφροσύναν.

--Antipater, Greek Anthology 9.26, translated into Latin by Friedrich Duebner

Helicon & the Pierian mountains have nourished the following divinely-inspired women with song:

  •  Praxilla
  • Myrus
  • Anytus, the female Homer
  • Sappho, the glory of pretty-haired Lesbia
  • Erinna
  • Famous Telesilla
  • And you,Corinna!, who celebrates Athena’s raging spear in song,
  • Woman-tongued Nossis
  •  Sweet-tongued Myrtis


All these women’s words will outlast the ages.

Great Heaven has nine Muses,

But earth has created nine of its own,

Women who will bring eternal joy to mankind. 



Name:  ????


Works:  Greek Anthology; Anthologia Graeca; Florilegii Graecii



Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



 The Greek Anthology is a modern collection of Greek lyric poetry compiled from various sources over the course of Greco-Roman literature. The current collection was created from two major sources, one from the 10th century CE and one from the 14th century CE. The anthology contains authors spanning the entirety of Greek literature, from archaic poets to Byzantine Christian poets. 

 Byzantine Greek

ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); HELLENISTIC: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)

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