7. IBAT ET HIPPOLYTI PROLES PULCHERRIMA BELLO VIRBIUS: Theseus mortua Hippolyte Phaedram, Minois et Pasiphaae filiam, superduxit Hippolyto. qui cum illam de stupro interpellantem contempsisset, falso delatus ad patrem est, quod ei vim voluisset inferre. ille Aegeum patrem rogavit ut se ulcisceretur. qui agitanti currus Hippolyto inmisit focam, qua equi territi eum traxerunt. tunc Diana eius castitate commota revocavit eum in vitam per Aesculapium, filium Apollinis et Coronidis, qui natus erat exsecto matris ventre, ideo quod, cum Apollo audisset a corvo, eius custode, eam adulterium committere, iratus Coronidem maturo iam partu confixit sagittis—corvum vero nigrum fecit ex albo—et exsecto ventre Coronidis produxit ita Aesculapium, qui factus est medicinae peritus. hunc postea Iuppiter propter revocatum Hippolytum interemit: unde Apollo iratus Cyclopas fabricatores fulminum confixit sagittis: ob quam rem a Iove iussus est Admeti regis novem annis apud Amphrysum armenta pascere divinitate deposita. sed Diana Hippolytum, revocatum ab inferis, in Aricia nymphae commendavit Egeriae et eum Virbium, quasi bis virum, iussit vocari. cuius nunc filium cognominem dicit in bellum venire: adeo omnia ista fabulosa sunt. nam cum castus ubique inductus sit et qui semper solus habitaverit, habuisse tamen fingitur filium. re vera autem, ut et supra diximus, Virbius est numen coniunctum Dianae, ut matri deum Attis, Minervae Erichthonius, Veneri Adonis.
--Servius, In Aen.7.761
And Virbius, the beautiful child of Hippolytus, came for
When Hippolyte died, Theseus put his son Hippolytus in the
care of [his new wife] Phaedra. When Hippolytus rejected Phaedra’s sexual
advances, she lied and told Theseus that he had tried to rape her. Theseus
sought vengeance from his father Aegeus. When Hippolytus was driving his
chariot, Aegeus* sent a seal to spook the horses, and the chariot crashed. Then
Diana, moved by Hippolytus’ chastity, brought him back to life through the work
[Aesculapius was the child of Apollo and Coronis, who was cut
from his dying mother’s womb. It happened when Apollo heard from the crow he’d
sent to spy on Coronis that she had cheated on him. Angered, he killed the
heavily pregnant Coronis with his arrows, changed the crow’s color from white
to black, and cut Aesculapius from Coronis’ womb. Aesculapius grew up and became skilled in medicine. Later on, Jupiter
killed him because he’d restored Hippolytus to life. And because of that,
Apollo got angry and killed Jupiter’s ironworking cyclopes with his arrows. And
because of that, Jupiter stripped Apollo of his divine powers and made him a shepherd
of King Admetus’ flocks for nine years.]
Once Hippolytus was restored to life, Diana entrusted him to
the nymph Aricia, and ordered him to now be called Virbius [‘twice a man’]. Now
his son, called the same name, comes to battle: but this is really
unbelievable. For Hippolytus was chaste, and always lived alone, but somehow
has a son? Actually, as I said previously, Virbius is the name of a divinity linked
with Diana, just like Cybele is linked with Attis, Minerva is linked with
Erichthonis, and Venus is linked with Adonis.
Name: Maurus Servius Honoratus
Date: 4th – 5th c.
Works: In Vergilii carmina
Little is known about the author or manuscript tradition for the
grammatical commentary of Vergil’s Aeneid.
BYZANTINE / LATE LATIN