Saturday, July 9, 2022

M/M: Building A New Life Together, Aristotle, Politics 2.1274a

 CONTENT WARNING: attempted incest

ἐγένετο δὲ καὶ Φιλόλαος ὁ Κορίνθιος νομοθέτης Θηβαίοις. ἦν δ᾽ ὁ Φιλόλαος τὸ μὲν γένος τῶν Βακχιαδῶν, ἐραστὴς δὲ γενόμενος Διοκλέους τοῦ νικήσαντος Ὀλυμπίασιν, ὡς ἐκεῖνος τὴν πόλιν ἔλιπε διαμισήσας τὸν [35] ἔρωτα τὸν τῆς μητρὸς Ἀλκυόνης, ἀπῆλθεν εἰς Θήβας: κἀκεῖ τὸν βίον ἐτελεύτησαν ἀμφότεροι. καὶ νῦν ἔτι δεικνύουσι τοὺς τάφους αὐτῶν ἀλλήλοις μὲν εὐσυνόπτους ὄντας, πρὸς δὲ τὴν τῶν Κορινθίων χώραν τὸν μὲν σύνοπτον τὸν δ᾽ οὐ σύνοπτον: μυθολογοῦσι γὰρ αὐτοὺς οὕτω τάξασθαι τὴν ταφήν, τὸν μὲν [40] Διοκλέα διὰ τὴν ἀπέχθειαν τοῦ πάθους, ὅπως μὴ ἄποπτος ἔσται ἡ Κορινθία ἀπὸ τοῦ χώματος, τὸν δὲ Φιλόλαον ὅπως ἄποπτος.

Fuit et Philolaus Corinthius Thebanis legum auctor. Erat autem Philolaus ex Bacchadum genere: sed cum Dioclis, eius qui vicit Olympia, amator esset: ille autem insanum matris Alcyonae amorem aspernatus ac detestatus urbem reliquisset: thebas una cum eo profectus est, ibique ambo mortui sunt: atque etiam nunc eorum sepulchra ostendunt, ita posita, ut alterum quidem ex altero facile conspici possit: sed Corintiorum agro alterum sit in conspectu positum, alterum non sit. Fabulantur enim, eos ita sua sepulchra fieri ac locari iussisse. Dioclem quidem propter odium calamitatis acceptae, ut ne ex sepulchri aggere ager Corinthius prospici posset: Philolaum, ut poset. 

--Aristotle, Politics, II.1274a-b; Translated into Latin by Guillaume Du Val (1654)

Although he was Corinthian by birth, Philolaus became a lawmaker in Thebes.  Philolaus was from the noble Bacchiad family, and was the lover of the Olympic victor Diocles. Diocles was forced to leave his city due to the toxic relationship with his mother Alcyone (who had incestuous desires for her own son). He left for Thebes, where he and his lover spent the remainder of their lives. They arranged their tombstones in such a way that they faced each other, but with Diocles’ tomb facing away from Corinth. They say that Diocles arranged it this way, for due to the trauma he experienced in his youth, he did not wish to buried in sight of his homeland, but Philolaus didn’t mind if his own tomb did. 



Name:  Aristotle

Date:  384-322 BCE

Works:  Politics



Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



 Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist.  Not only were his works on philosophy, logic, and science incredibly influential to ancient Mediterranean culture, but he also is known as one of the teachers and mentors of Alexander the Great.


ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); HELLENISTIC: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)

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