Thursday, June 16, 2022

More Dear Than All Others, part I: The Story of Camilla, Vergil Aeneid XI.532-538

Velocem interea superis in sedibus Opim,

unam ex virginibus sociis sacraque caterva,

compellabat et has tristis Latonia voces

ore dabat: 'graditur bellum ad crudele Camilla,               535

o virgo, et nostris nequiquam cingitur armis,

cara mihi ante alias. neque enim novus iste Dianae

venit amor subitaque animum dulcedine movit.

--Vergil, Aeneid XI.532-538

Meanwhile, up on Mount Olympus,

Diana sadly calls to her side

One of her sacred companions, swift Opis.

She said, “Camilla is entering this cruel war;

She is arming herself with my weapons in vain;

She is more dear to me than any other woman [cara mihi ante alias].

This isn’t the first time I’ve felt love for her;

These feelings of tenderness aren’t a new addition inside my heart…."



Name:  Publius Vergilius Maro

Date:  70 BCE – 21 BCE

Works:  Aeneid*





Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



Vergil was born in Mantua (Cisalpine Gaul, located in northern Italy) and lived during the tumultuous transition of Roman government from republic to monarchy. His masterpiece, the Aeneid, tells the story of Aeneas’ migration from Troy to Italy; it was used for centuries as the pinnacle of Roman literature.


Early Roman Lit: through 2nd c BCE: Republican Rome: through 1st c. BCE; Golden Age: 70 BCE to 18 CE; Silver Age: 18 CE to 150 CE; Age of Conflict: 150 CE - 410 CE; Byzantine and Late Latin: after 410 CE

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