Sunday, February 14, 2021

Just Say No: Sinope, Apollonius Rhodes Argonautica II.948ff

Continuo autem Assyriam venerunt in terram, quo Sinopam

Asopi filiam collocarat, & ei dederat

virginitatem ipse Iupiter pollicitis deceptus.

Ille enim amorem petebat, annuebatque ei

Illud se daturum, in quod ferretur vehementiore desiderio.

Haec autem virginitatem rogavit astutia sua.

Similiter etiam Apollini fraudem fecit, concumbere

volenti; fluvioque post hos Halyi; nec virorum aliquis

hanc inter ulnas amatorias fecerat mulierem.

αὐτίκα δ᾽ Ἀσσυρίης ἐπέβαν χθονός, ἔνθα Σινώπην,

θυγατέρ᾽ Ἀσωποῖο, καθίσσατο, καί οἱ ὄπασσεν

παρθενίην Ζεὺς αὐτός, ὑποσχεσίῃσι δολωθείς.

δὴ γὰρ ὁ μὲν φιλότητος ἐέλδετο: νεῦσε δ᾽ ὅγ᾽ αὐτῇ

δωσέμεναι, ὅ κεν ᾗσι μετὰ φρεσὶν ἰθύσειεν.

ἡ δέ ἑ παρθενίην ᾐτήσατο κερδοσύνῃσιν.

ὧς δὲ καὶ Ἀπόλλωνα παρήπαφεν εὐνηθῆναι

ἱέμενον, ποταμόν τ᾽ ἐπὶ τοῖς Ἅλυν: οὐδὲ μὲν ἀνδρῶν

τήνγε τις ἱμερτῇσιν ἐν ἀγκοίνῃσι δάμασσεν.

--Apollonius Rhodius Argonauticorum 2. 948, Translated into Latin by Joannes Shaw (1777) 

Then they landed in Assyria, where Jupiter came upon

Sinope, the daughter of Asopus, and being outfoxed,

 granted the nymph her own virginity.

For he sought her in bed, and in his zeal, vowed that he would give her

Whatever she wished.

And she—clever girl!—asked for her own virginity preserved.

She did the same to Apollo, who also wished to sleep with her,

And did the same to the river god Halys, too,

Nor did any man take her into his loving arms.



Name:  Apollonius of Rhodes

Date:  3rd century BCE

Works:  Argonautica



Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans



 Little is known of this Hellenistic poet, but what is clear is that his surviving epic, the Argonautica, was wildly influential to later epic poets. According to the Suda, he was the Director of the Library of Alexandria and was a contemporary of the poet Callimachus (α.4319).


ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); HELLENISTIC: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)

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