Thursday, June 4, 2020

Punished for Her Asexuality: Polyphonte, Antoninus Liberalis Met. XXI

Trigger Warning: Like the myth of Hippolytus, the asexual Polyphonte was punished by Venus for not conforming.

Thrassam Martis et Tereae, quae Strymone nata fuit, filiam, Hipponus Triballi filiam duxit. Eo ex coniugio nata est filia, nomine Polyphonte. Haec, re venerea ignominiose spreta, in montem se contulit, et consuetidine ludi ac studiorum Dianae sociam se praebuit. Venus contemptu suarum rerum incitata, insanum illi ursi amorem immisit: .... Diana illo conspecto facinore, Polyphontem immenso est prosecuta odio, omnesque in eam convertit feras. 

--Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses XXI,  translated from the Greek by Wilhelm Xylander

Hipponus, the sun of Triballus, married Thrassa, the daughter of Mars and Terea (the daughter of Strymon). Together they had a daughter named Polyphonte. She spurned love and sex (re venerea), and moved to the mountains, becoming a companion (sociam) to Diana in her travels and hunts. Venus grew angry at Polyphonte's lifestyle, and made her fall in love with a bear... Diana was disgusted by this, and viciously punished Polyphonte, making all wild animals attack her.

ANTONINUS LIBERALIS
MAP:
Name: Antoninus Liberalis  
Date:  2nd – 3rd c. CE
Works:  Metamorphoses*

REGION  UNKNOWN
Region 1: Peninsular Italy; Region 2: Western Europe; Region 3: Western Coast of Africa; Region 4: Egypt and Eastern Mediterranean; Region 5: Greece and the Balkans

BIO:
Timeline:
 Little is known about the life of the Greek author Antoninus Liberalis. His work, Metamorphoses, is similar to the works of Hyginus in that they provide brief summaries of Greek and Roman myths.
 ROMAN GREECE
ARCHAIC: (through 6th c. BCE); GOLDEN AGE: (5th - 4th c. BCE); ALEXANDRIAN: (4th c. BCE - 1st c. BCE); ROMAN: (1st c. BCE - 4th c. CE); POST CONSTANTINOPLE: (4th c. CE - 8th c. CE); BYZANTINE: (post 8th c CE)